The Seatrack Web system consists of three main parts: forcing in the form of forecasted flow and wind felds, an oil drift model and a graphical user interface. The oil drift model PADM has been jointly developed by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and the Danish Maritime Safety Administration (DAMSA). It is executed whenever a Seatrack Web user requests a simulation. The graphical user interface has been developed at SMHI and is based on open source GIS-server technology, i.e. the user interacts with georeferenced data in a map. The SeaTrack Web tool can be used to analyze the consequences of oil spill drift to a particular sea area, Where does the oil spill drift to in the sea area. The method is selected based on the cooperation with the OpenRisk Project.
The Cause-Consequence Diagram is developed from a certain initiating top event, i.e. an event that initiates a specific operational sequence or an event which activates certain safety systems. The Cause-Consequence Diagram consists of two reliability analysis methods previously elaborated, the FTA and ETA methods.
|Preliminary Hazard Analysis
The preliminary hazard analysis (PHA) is a semi-quantitative risk analysis methods that is used to identify potential hazards and the corresponding top events (risks). The PHA sheet identifies as well the required measures and follow-up actions to control the hazard sources. The PHA should consider hazardous components, facilities, safety-related equipment, and environmental constraints.
|Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
The Failure Mode and Effects Analysis is a cross-industry established method to identify and eliminate potential failures, problems, errors and risks of a system, design or process before adverse consequences reach the internal/external customers. The basic idea of the FMEA is thus the preventive risk identification and error prevention instead of a subsequent correction.
Checklists are a very simple way to identify risks. As a rule, checklists consist of standardized questionnaires that help to systematically record risks. They can contain open or closed questions, whereby closed questions are better suited for the identification of risk potentials, since the evaluation of the answers is simpler and thus leads faster to concrete results. The questions mostly arise with creative techniques. Workshops, brainstorming, etc. are most commonly used in the creation process.
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