The SWOT analysis is an instrument of strategic corporate management with which strengths and weaknesses of the company or its supply chain, as well as the opportunities and threats in the environment, can be uncovered. The resulting findings can be used to identify risks by comparing the requirements of the market with the potential of the company or supply chain. Finally, identified weaknesses are to be regarded as risks, whereby these can be both strategic and operational in nature.
Originally, the scenario technique came from the military field, but today it is also frequently used for economic and social issues. Basically, the scenario technique combines quantitative and qualitative forecasting elements. Thus, no pure linear projection is made on the basis of historical data.
The Bow-Tie method can be considered to be a combination of earlier developed fault tree analysis (FTA) and event tree analysis (ETA) methods. A significant milestone in the history of Bow-Tie was the catastrophic incident on the Piper Alpha platform in 1988, which shook the oil and gas industry. In the early 1990s, the Royal Dutch Shell adopted the BowTie method as part of its methodological toolbox for managing risks. Nowadays, the Bow-Tie method is also used for risk management related to different transport modes such as maritime and aviation.
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